Dominican People. The waves of successive immigration throughout the history of the Dominican Republic have had a huge impact on its society. Learn more.
The waves of successive immigration throughout the history of the Dominican Republic have had a huge impact on the composition of the society.
The first flood of people came from colonization, with Spanish settlers moving to the New World in search of money and to escape from Spain’s land inequalities. However, this was swiftly followed by the arrival of African slaves in the early 1500s. To this day, their forced migration constitutes the greatest influx of people to the Dominican Republic.
The sudden arrival of new settlers had a devastating effect on the indigenous people of the Dominican Republic, with the vast majority of the Taino population being exterminated within half a century of colonization.
With the eradication of indigenous Dominicans, the African population became the dominant non-European group. As time progressed, and the European and African populations continued to co-habit the island, mixing of races began to occur, creating a predominantly multi-racial population. Nowadays, approximately three quarters of Dominican people are mixed-race.
Presently, the movement of Dominican people is mainly to the US, where over a million Dominicans reside.
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