The History of Puerto Rico. Puerto Rico played a crucial role in the Spanish Empire during the initial years of conquest and colonization of the New World.
Puerto Rico is collection of islands that make up an unincorporated territory of America with Spanish being the national language. The main island of the archipelago is called Puerto Rico as well, which translates in Spanish to “rich port.”
The history of Puerto Rico dates back to the settlement of the Ortoiroid people between 2000 and 3000 BC. The islands were populated by different tribes, such as the Arawak and Saladoid Indian from 430 BC to 1000 AD. Puerto Rican history was to drastically change in 1492 after Christopher Columbus’ arrival into the New World. At this time the Taíno people represented the dominant culture, but their numbers were decrease majorly towards the end of the 16th century as a result of warfare, exploitation by Spanish settlers and new infectious diseases that the Europeans carried.
Puerto Rico played a crucial role in the Spanish Empire during the initial years of conquest and colonization of the New World. It then became a considerable military post throughout the many wars contested between Spain and other European forces. Its geographical location made it a stepping-stone for travel from Europe to Latin America. During the majority of the 19th century, Puerto Rico was one of the last two Spanish colonies in the New World.