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Wildlife in Cuba

Cuban Wildlife

Whilst Cuba is famous for its politics and its cigars, it is also home to some of the most fascinating and unusual creatures. Learn more about it.

Whilst Cuba is famous for its politics and its cigars, it is also home to some of the most fascinating and unusual creatures. Native Cuban animals include migrating land crabs, feisty Cuban crocodiles, exotic orchids and the world’s smallest bird.

Cuban wildlife has remained relatively untouched and unexplored, and as such has been so well naturally preserved that Cuba has the greatest biodiversity of any island in the West Indies. The sheer size of Cuba, and the variety of habitats that exist- from mountainous regions and dense jungles, to deserts, savannah and beaches- have a definite impact on the diversity. In addition, the tightly-controlled nature of the island, has mean that there has been limited commercial exploitation of the island’s natural habitat. A total 22 percent of the island is considered protected areas, which has certainly helped to conserve Cuba’s protected species.

A lot of the diverse variety of wildlife in Cuba is unique to the Caribbean island, with more than 80 percent of its reptiles and amphibians found nowhere else on the globe, making it a truly worthwhile place to explore.

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