Cádiz, the oldest city in Andalusia (over three thousands years old) has a unique personality. It is located in the southernmost part of Spain, and separated from Africa by the straight of Gibraltar. The province of Cadiz is mountainous. To the north-east, are the mountain ranges of Algodonales, la Mota, Líjar, Grazalema and Santa Margarita. Southerly are the sierras of Aljibe and Líbar.
If Cadiz is synonymous to the sea, it is to wine as well. If Sanlúcar de Barrameda (neighbour to the Coto de Doñana, where the Guadalquivir river meets the sea), and the Puerto de Santa María are synonymous to beaches, they are excellent vineyards as well. Conil, Tarifa (the windsurf capital), and Barbate… are known for their shores, fishing, fine sands, and pine trees. The area near Gibraltar is rich with pastures and cattle ranches. Jerez (Sherry) produces world famous wines, as well as horses and bulls. The farm houses, and the sandy soils planted with vineyards, in the flat lands of Jerez, are an exact vision of the old, conservative, Andalusia and it's deep rooted tradition.
The hills of Cadiz shouldn't be overlooked. The "route of the white villages" is a surprising journey through an amazing world with places like Arcos de la Frontera, Bornos, Grazalema, Ubrique (specialized in leather craftsmanship), El Bosque, Olvera, Vejer de la Frontera and Zahara… There are abundant marshy terrains and only stand out at the horizon the salt pyramids of the San Fernando and the Puertos salt mines, the white country houses and the villages.
Cadiz provides access to the Canary Islands by ship. From Algiers, there are ships to Ceuta and Morocco. The airport at Jerez provides transportation to the most important Spanish cities.