The Spanish Language Blog

It is named after a Spanish place and it is huge. Picasso' s "Guernica" painting is considered a very impressive painting. There is a story behind it, as well as in it. The painting holds you and makes you feel what the painter is trying to convey. 'Guernica' is different.

  • Picasso's painting makes a lot of sense to you. It not only tells the story behind it, but makes you feel it. 'Guernica' by Picasso has traveled a lot but now hangs in the 'Museo Reina Sofia' in Madrid.
  • The story behind it is about a bombing during the Spanish Civil War. It was the first terror bombing in Europe where the fascists wanted to break the resistance of the Republicans in this way.
  • The painting is not realistic and has many underlying thoughts. Picasso mainly wanted to express different feelings with this.
  • Picasso's real name is Pablo Ruiz Picasso, but he became famous only by the name Picasso. He lived to be 91 years old.

Pablo Picasso created "Guernica" in 1937. The painting is a whopping 3.49 meters high and 7.76 wide and is made of oil paint, which Picasso used to create most of his paintings. 'Guernica' is considered the most controversial and impressive work of all Picasso's paintings. It is named after the Spanish town of Guernica in the Basque country (Basque: Gernika), where a bombing took place. This was the trigger and story for the painting.

During a major conflict in Spain (Spanish Civil War July 17, 1936 - April 1, 1939) between the Fascists and the Republicans, the Fascists sought to break their enemy's resistance through a series of bombings of the Basque town of Guernica. On April 26, 1937, one bomb was dropped by the German Luftwaffe close to the town's weekly market. People fled and took cover in shelters. When after a while everything was calm again, everyone came out to help the wounded and at that moment the entire squadron arrived to bomb Guernica. There was complete chaos and panic. Those who tried to flee through the fields were shot at by single-seater planes, shelters were not sheltered from the 250-kilogram bombs, and the bombing took no less than two and a half hours. All the panic and chaos of that day is reflected in Picasso's painting. And that is exactly what he wanted to achieve.

Pablo Picasso wanted to convey the feeling of the bombing, rather than just the image. The key words of the painting, as well as the bombing, are: panic, fear, death, sadness and, above all, chaos. It had to be felt when looking at the work. The surrealist painting consists of only black, white and gray to express the war and a background of lines and planes mixed together to emphasize the chaotic. The man with the broken sword represents a dead soldier and indicates death. The horse is the symbol of innocent casualties in war and shows how much fear there is at such a time. The mother with her dead child shows the grief for the victims of the war and the bombing, and the burning lamp at the top of the painting represents the explosions of the bombs.

Pablo Ruiz Picasso, that's the official name of the famous Picasso. So, according to the Spanish naming system, he had two surnames: Ruiz from his father and Picasso from his mother. Why he became famous only under the name Picasso is probably because at some point he started putting only this part of his name under his works. He was a painter, sculptor, graphic artist, draftsman and ceramicist. Pablo Ruiz Picasso had mistresses all his life, including alongside his wife or primary partner, and he has four children by three women. Picasso was one of Spain's best-known painters and left behind many works.

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