The revolution in the 1950s had a huge impact on Cuban society
and the way it is structured. The Communist Party of Cuba has complete control over all facets of society and has nationalized public utilities. Cuba has universal health care, which is considered to be one of the greatest triumphs of the post-revolutionary system. The infant and maternal mortality rates are considerably low and the life expectancy is better than that of the United States. In addition, the education system is entirely state-operated. Education has a strong political and ideological emphasis, with students being expected to commit to the goals of the state.
Officially, Cuba is a secular state, as churches are considered to be sources of subversive activity. However, there is complete religious freedom and Cuban people
are allowed to practice their religions freely. Catholicism remains the predominant religion, with approximately half of the population affiliated with the Catholic church.
Whilst Cuban people
are subject to limited political expression and censorship, Cuban culture
is extremely vibrant. It is a complex mix of diverse influences, with the merging of European, African and North American. As such, Cuban customs
vary greatly, depending on the cultural influences.
More about Cuban traditions