When did the civil war start? Between 1936 and 1939 over 500,000 rebels and innocent people were murdered. This wasn´t a small war it was a massacre that was overshadowed by the problems that were occurring in Europe during these years. The nationalists were led by General Francisco Franco. At that time, the president of Spain was Manuel Azaña, a democratically elected republican. The Spanish army was based in Morocco with several of the most influential generals such as Francisco Franco who ordered a coup d'etat.
Let’s dive into some Spanish civil war facts.
The left side represented the Republicans of Spain and was formed by the government at the time, by unions, communists, anarchists, workers, and peasants. On the other side, they were the nationalist, the rebel part of the army, the bourgeoisie, the landlords and, generally, the upper classes. For different reasons closely linked to the European context of the time, the Republican side was supported by the Soviet Union and the European democracies, while the nationalist side had the support of Germany and Italy, which meant that this side was better armed. The republic side immediately faced a number of major problems.
Who won the Spain civil war? Well, this war was one of the hardest ones that Spain couldn´t forget. After the victory of General Franco with the nationalist, a dictatorship began in the country that lasted almost 40 years. In 1975 the Spanish dictator died. Although Franco's side had received German aid, the dictator had decided to get involved directly in the later part of the World War. Only small groups were supported by the Germans.
During the entire Franco dictatorship, Spain suffered a continuous international isolation, but it weakened over the years. As the Spanish dictator wanted to recognize their country internationally, little by little began a certain type of improvement in their social life. In the decade of the 50s, Spain was accepted as a member of the United Nations. Then in 1970, Franco appointed Prince Juan Carlos as his successor.
The idea of Francisco Franco was that Juan Carlos was still at the head of the dictatorship that had been dead for many years, but after the death of the dictator in 1975, King Juan Carlos I was crowned and established democracy in Spain that lasts until today.